Carbon dating biblical artifacts
Historians have likened it to “a thousand leagues of sunlit sea imprisoned in a cup.” It’s very name is descriptive of it’s color: aqua meaning water and marine meaning sea.Aquamarine was the most available variety of beryl during Bible times, while the emerald (also a beryl) was more rare.PRECIOUS STONES OF THE BIBLE Throughout history, in every civilization, gemstones have been highly prized and sought after.The Bible makes numerous references to jewels and precious stones.In his work, Amber is the fossilized resin of pine trees.It ranges in color from golden yellow to orange-brown.The Brown-Driver-Briggs dictionary defines hashmal as "a shining substance, amber or electrum or bronze." The Revell Bible Dictionary says, "While the root meaning remains uncertain, all scholars agree that the image, used to describe the visible glory of God, conveys the sense of brilliance." Ancient Greeks called amber "electrum." The Elder Pliny (23-79 AD) described amber's magnetic attraction, how that when rubbed it would become electrically charged and attract such things as straw, hair, dry leaves and feathers. Amber is one of the oldest gemstones, having been found in archaeological digs of tombs dating to the Stone Age.The most valued amber (even today) is that which contains an inclusion of an insect.
Agates are a form of chalcedony (a fine-grained variety of quartz) that are banded or lined in a variety of patterns of colored layers.
Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD) who was a historian at the time the Book of Revelation was written, describes the beryl (berullos) of that day, “The lapidaries cut all beryls of a hexagonal form because the color..heightened by reflections resulting from the angles.
The most esteemed beryls are those which in color resemble the pure green of the sea.” This would seem to indicate the aquamarine as being the beryl of choice in that time.
Amethyst is a variety of quartz that is best know for it's rich, violet-purple hue.
The color can vary in intensity from a pale, almost pinkish (mauve) color to a dark purplish violet.